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托福备考 - 阅读
7天搞定托福阅读-Day 2
发布日期:2017-05-31 14:38:29     16赞    0

  做托福阅读,要讲究方法和技巧,这样可以事半功倍,提高答题正确率。

  选择题的解答可以分为以下几个步骤:

  1. Determine the question types

  看阅读题目时,我们就要分析问题题型,是考察词汇,细节,还是指代关系题。

  2. Fix the position

  分析完问题的类型,接下来就要精确定位问题答案在原文中的位置。托福阅读的问题顺序跟文章顺序基本相同,这样做题时就会容易很多。

  3. Choose the right answer

  将问题答案定位到某段或某句话后,就要仔细阅读。不仅要理解字面意思,还要分析暗含的意思,这样才能选出正确答案。

  我们来看下面一个例子:

  In 1936, after the breakout of the Spanish Civil war, Capa went to Spain and it was here over the next three years that he built his reputation as a war photographer. It was here too in 1936 that he took one of his most famous pictures, The Death of a Loyalist Soldier. One of Capa’s most famous quotes was 'If your pictures aren't good enough, you're not close enough.' And he took his attitude of getting close to the action to an extreme. His photograph, The Death of a Loyalist Soldier is a prime example of this as Capa captures the very moment the soldier falls. However, many have questioned the authenticity of this photograph, claiming that it was staged.

  Capa went to Spain to

  a. fight in the civil war.

  b. build his reputation.

  c. have a holiday.

  d. take photographs.

  在这一题中,我们可以快速将答案定位到第一句,大家会发现,b选项出现在了原文中,这很可能会误导考生。b选项只是Capa作为内战是的摄影师的一个结果,所以答案为d。

  下面大家就把后面的练习做完吧。

  Robert Capa

  1. Robert Capa is a name that has for many years been synonymous with war photography.

  2. Born in Hungary in 1913 as Friedmann Endre Ernő, Capa was forced to leave his native country after his involvement in anti government protests. Capa had originally wanted to become a writer, but after his arrival in Berlin had first found work as a photographer. He later left Germany and moved to France due to the rise in Nazism. He tried to find work as a freelance journalist and it was here that he changed his name to Robert Capa, mainly because he thought it would sound more American.

  3. In 1936, after the breakout of the Spanish Civil war, Capa went to Spain and it was here over the next three years that he built his reputation as a war photographer. It was here too in 1936 that he took one of his most famous pictures, The Death of a Loyalist Soldier. One of Capa’s most famous quotes was 'If your pictures aren't good enough, you're not close enough.' And he took his attitude of getting close to the action to an extreme. His photograph, The Death of a Loyalist Soldier is a prime example of this as Capa captures the very moment the soldier falls. However, many have questioned the authenticity of this photograph, claiming that it was staged.

  4. When World war II broke out, Capa was in New York, but he was soon back in Europe covering the war for Life magazine. Some of his most famous work was created on 6th June 1944 when he swam ashore with the first assault on Omaha Beach in the D-Day invasion of Normandy. Capa, armed only with two cameras, took more than one hundred photographs in the first hour of the landing, but a mistake in the darkroom during the drying of the film destroyed all but eight frames. It was the images from these frames however that inspired the visual style of Steven Spielberg's Oscar winning movie ‘Saving Private Ryan’. When Life magazine published the photographs, they claimed that they were slightly out of focus, and Capa later used this as the title of his autobiographical account of the war.

  5. Capa’s private life was no less dramatic. He was friend to many of Hollywood’s directors, actors and actresses. In 1943 he fell in love with the wife of actor John Austin. His affair with her lasted until the end of the war and became the subject of his war memoirs. He was at one time lover to actress Ingrid Bergman. Their relationship finally ended in 1946 when he refused to settle in Hollywood and went off to Turkey.

  6. In 1947 Capa was among a group of photojournalists who founded Magnum Photos. This was a co-operative organisation set up to support photographers and help them to retain ownership of the copyright to their work.

  7. Capa went on to document many other wars. He never attempted to glamorise war though, but to record the horror. He once said, "The desire of any war photographer is to be put out of business."

  8. Capa died as he had lived. After promising not to photograph any more wars, he accepted an assignment to go to Indochina to cover the first Indochina war. On May 25th 1954 Capa was accompanying a French regiment when he left his jeep to take some photographs of the advance and stepped on a land mine. He was taken to a nearby hospital, still clutching his camera, but was pronounced dead on arrival. He left behind him a testament to the horrors of war and a standard for photojournalism that few others have been able to reach.

  9. Capa’s legacy has lived on though and in 1966 his brother Cornell founded the International Fund for Concerned Photography in his honor. There is also a Robert Capa Gold Medal, which is given to the photographer who publishes the best photographic reporting from abroad with evidence of exceptional courage. But perhaps his greatest legacy of all are the haunting images of the human struggles that he captured.

  1. Why did Capa change his name?Correct

  a. To hide his identity

  b. Because he had been involved in protests

  c. To sound more American

  d. Because he had to leave Hungary

  2. Capa originally wanted to be

  a. A photojournalist

  b. A writer

  c. American

  d. A protestor

  3. Capa went to Spain to

  a. fight in the civil war.

  b. build his reputation.

  c. have a holiday.

  d. take photographs.

  4. Capa’s famous picture Death of a Loyalist Soldier

  a. was taken by someone else.

  b. was definitely genuine.

  c. wasn’t even taken in Spain.

  d. cannot be proven genuine or staged.

  5. When World War II broke out Capa

  a. went to New York.

  b. swam ashore on Omaha Beach.

  c. went to Europe.

  d. went to Normandy.

  6. A mistake meant that

  a. only one hundred of Capa’s photographs were published.

  b. Capa lost both of his two cameras.

  c. Capa’s images inspired an Oscar winning movie.

  d. Most of Capa’s images of the D-Day landing were destroyed.

  7. Capa’s private life was

  a. less dramatic than his professional life.

  b. spent mostly in Hollywood.

  c. very glamorous.

  d. spent in Turkey.

  8. Capa wanted his work to

  a. be very famous.

  b. show how glamorous war can be.

  c. show the true horror of war.

  d. make lots of money.

  9. Which sentence best paraphrases paragraph 5?

  a. Capa had a tragic private life and was never able to settle down and find happiness.

  b. Despite having many good friends and lovers, Capa always put his work first.

  c. Capa wanted to make friends with important people in Hollywood so that he could move into the movie industry.

  d. Capa’s private life was very complicated. He could not choose between the two women he loved, so he went off to work in Turkey.

  10. Which sentence best paraphrases paragraph 4?

  a. Capa never tried to avoid danger. He risked his life to take photographs of the D-Day invasion, but then destroyed most of them.

  b. Capa took some of his most famous photographs during the D-Day invasion, but most were tragically destroyed in an accident.

  c. Capa only kept the best eight D-Day photographs as the others were out of focus. These inspired the visual style of a Hollywood film.

  d. Capa left Europe when the war broke out and went to take his most famous photographs of the D-Day invasion.

 
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